Welcome to twominenglish.com. Teaching you English through two-minute lessons.
In this lesson we will learn how to use the words ‘for’ and ‘since’.
Jim: The words ‘for’ and ‘since’ are both used to speak about time.
Grace: But they are used in two different specific situations, Jim.
Jim: ‘For’ is used to speak of any amount of time in the present, past or future. For example:
Grace: She lived in Jersey for 10 years.
Grace: The astronauts will stay on the space station for a month.
Jim: ‘Since’ is used when we speak about a time when something started. It refers to the past which affects the present in most of the cases. For example:
Grace: They have been friends since childhood.
Grace: Since we last met, important things have happened to me.
Jim: Thank you for the examples, Grace. But ‘for’ and ‘since’ are also used to speak of things not related to time, aren’t they?.
Grace: Yes Jim! ‘For’ can also be used to show us who will benefit from an action. For example:
Jim: I bought the books for you.
Jim: Today I’m cleaning the house for you.
Grace: That’s right. And ‘since’ can be used to indicate a particular thing because of which something happened or occurred. It means ‘because’. For example:
Jim: Since there’s no more work, I’m going home.
Grace: Thank you for the examples.
Jim. Let’s listen to some conversations now.
Robin: The damn train is late again! I have been waiting for hours.
Laura: For how many hours have you been waiting?
Robin: I’ve been here for almost 2 hours!
Laura: Gosh...So you’re in the station since morning?
Robin: It’s irritating! I’ve been waiting here since 7 in the morning.
Laura: Let me buy something for my mother, Martin.
Martin: Since I’ll have to wait in the market, I’ll buy something too.
Laura: Why don’t you buy a new phone to your dad? You told me that his was old.
Martin: I’ll buy the phone some other time, since I don’t have so much money right now.
Laura: I could pay it for you, if you want it.
Martin: Nah, but thanks for the offering.
Robin: Hey Martin. What did you buy the ball for? We don’t play anymore.
Martin: I was at the market today and I saw this soccer ball. I got it for my son.
Robin: Maybe we can play too. We haven’t played football for years!
Martin: Yes, Robin! Since 2008.
Robin: You’re correct! Martin. Let’s play football tomorrow.