Welcome to twominenglish.com. Teaching you English through two-minute lessons.
In this lesson we will learn the terms which are used in English to describe the different concepts of time.
Minutes to, Minutes after, Minutes past
Ana: What’s the time at your watch, Celine?
Celine: It’s 7: 57 P.M.
Ana: Uff...It’s only three minutes to 8 P.M.!
Celine: I told you, Bethany is always late.
Ana: Yeah. And to think she was supposed to arrive at 20 minutes past 7...
Celine: You mean 7:20?
Ana: Yeah. I thought she’d be here by 8 at least. When will the gates open?
Celine: At exactly 5 minutes after 8.
Ana: I think Bethany already knows that. She’ll be here before 8:05 for sure.
Hugo: After I began using this digital watch I became more precise with time.
Aaron: I’m often confused between ‘quarter to’ and ‘quarter of’.
Hugo: I can help you! ‘Quarter to eight’ simply means 15 minutes to 8. A quarter to eight means it’s 15 minutes before eight. Quarter of eight means 7:45.
Aaron: Alright! I understand. What’s the time now?
Hugo: It’s quarter past five, 5:15.
Aaron: Gosh! An hour passed by so fast! I arrived at a quarter after four right?
Hugo: Yup, at 4:15.
Celine: I was late today by almost 30 minutes! I reached there at half past nine.
Ana: Not a big deal! Half an hour is not much.
Celine: I’m never late. It counts!
Ana: Suzie is often late by an hour! She arrives at the office around 10 A.M.
Celine: Let her be so, Celine. I don’t have to be late because Suzie is late.
Aaron: I had a scary dream last night. I woke up at 1AM.
Hugo: You mean 1 in the morning?!
Aaron: 1 AM is always morning, dude. 1 PM is in the afternoon.
Hugo: What about 12 o'clock? Is it PM or AM?
Aaron: 12 AM is midnight and 12 PM is noon or midday.
Hugo: Right. So PM starts from noon to 12 AM.
Aaron: Yup. In the same way, AM starts from midnight to 12 PM!
Hugo: Oh! This Ante Meridian and Post Meridian thing is so confusing.
Aaron: Not anymore I hope!