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Forming Questions with Do, Does and Did - Advanced English Grammar Tutorial

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Introduction

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This lesson will help you learn how to frame questions with ‘Do’, ’Does’ and ‘Did’.

Explanation

Victor: Hello everybody! Do you know what today’s lesson is about?

Pete: Yes, Sally told me that it was about framing questions with ‘Do’, ‘Does’ and ‘Did’. Isn’t that why you’ve started the lesson with a ‘Do’ question?

Victor: You’re correct, Pete! ‘Do’, ‘Does’ and ‘Did’ can be used to start Yes or No questions, but choosing the correct word among ‘Do’, ‘Does’ and ‘Did’ is important.

Pete: Do you know how to frame questions with all these 3 words?

Victor: Yes. ‘Do’ is used in plural and in the present tense for example: Do Sarah and Anne know we are here?

Sally: Yes. They know we are here. You used ‘Do’ in your question because you were asking about more than one person.

Victor: Yes. You should also know that ‘Do’ is used in singular forms too, but only when the subject is ‘I’ or ‘You’. For example: do you know how to make yes-no questions with do?

Sally: Great example, Victor! Do I find this lesson interesting? Yes!

Victor: That’s right, Sally! See, when you were framing a question about yourself, you used ‘Do’.

Sally: In short, ‘Do’ is used at the start of the question when the subject is I, You, We, They or names in plural.

Pete: And in the question, the verb that denotes the action is changed to a base form without any tense. For example, “Write”, “Know” and so on.

Victor: That’s an awesome summary of how to frame questions with ‘Do’. Great job, Pete and Sally!

Pete: What about ‘Does’ and ‘Did’?

Victor: They are also used similarly. ‘Does’ is used to start questions when the subject is singular i.e., when we are talking about one person and in the present tense. For example: Does Cara live with her parents?

Pete: Yes, I believe she does. Since you were asking only about Cara you used ‘Does’.

Victor: Yeah, it is used when the subject is ‘He’, ‘She’,’It’ or a name in singular. Did you already know that this class was scheduled today?

Pete: Yes, Sally told me this morning. Did you use ‘Did’ in your question to denote past tense?

Victor: Yes and so did you! ‘Did’ is used to form questions in the past tense for both singular and plural subjects. Let’s now listen to some sample conversations.

Rapid Fire.

Amy: Hey Jill! Did you know about today’s test?

Jill: No, I didn’t.

Amy: Does Professor Stevens always conduct such surprise tests?

Jill: Yes! It’s so annoying.

Amy: Do Mark and Peter know that they missed the deadline for the project submission?

Jill: No, I need to tell them.

Where Are Your Reports?

Professor Gilbert: Good morning everyone! Do you know today’s the last day for your report submission?

Mike: Yes Sir, we are all ready with our reports.

Professor Gilbert: That’s great! Does anyone here have a black pen?

Mike: Here it is, Sir.

Professor Gilbert: Thank you. I don’t see Joane here. Does she know her report is due today?

Mike: She does. She said she would submit it by today evening.

Who’s with Whom?

Max: Does Phil still live with his brother?

Bob: No, he got his own place last month.

Max: Do Anna and Ruth visit him often?

Bob: Yes, they hang out with him all the time.

Max: Did they come to his farewell party?

Bob: No, they didn’t. They were out of town.


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