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English Grammar Lessons - Using 'if' in English

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Introduction

 

Welcome to twominenglish.com. Teaching you English through two-minute lessons. In this lesson you will learn about the correct use of ‘if’.

 

Interaction

 

Hello viewer! ‘If’ is a very common word, often used in many conversations. It gives the condition that something will happen only when something else happens. This lesson shows you through some conversations, how to use ‘if’ correctly. 

 

Practice the lines by pausing the video anywhere you want and repeating the lines. To brush up your vocabulary, have a look at the vocabulary section at the end.

 

Shall we get started then?

 

Explanation:

 

Camile: Hi Daniel. Do you know how to use the word ‘if’ correctly in English conversations?

 

Daniel: I do know how to use ‘if’ in some sentences. But sometimes it’s very confusing and I just can’t figure out when and where to use it.

 

Camile: I know some situations when we can use it. 

 

Daniel : Okay, like what?

 

Camile: Here’s an example: If you don’t drink water, you’ll die. 

 

Daniel : Okay, so I can say that if you stand in the rain, you’ll get wet, which is true and happens to me a lot.

 

Camile: Yeah, that’s right. Let’s take another example, where ‘if’ can be used to talk about the possibility of something happening in the future. You tell me this time.

 

Daniel: Let me see… Okay, I know: if I were a millionaire, I would buy an airplane.

 

Camile: Yep, that’s correct. Great job!

 

Daniel: I think ‘if’ is also used to join two conditions together in which the second condition depends on the first one. 

 

Camile: That’s right, Daniel. For example, I won’t be hungry anymore if I eat a pizza.

 

Daniel: Yes, in your example, there are two situations. Eating a pizza, and being hungry. If you eat a pizza, then you won’t be hungry.

 

Camile: Okay, now let’s listen to some conversations.

 

Talking about True Facts.

 

Ginny: Hey, you know what?

 

Rodrick: No. What?

 

Ginny: If you eat an apple every day, it helps you fight sickness.

 

Rodrick: Yeah, I know that. But if I don’t eat an apple every day, will I die?

 

Ginny: (Laugh). No, probably not. But I think it’s better if you do start eating an apple every day. 

 

Rodrick: I don’t know. There are plenty of other good things to eat than apples.

 

Ginny: Yeah, you’re probably right. There are other fruits too.

 

Rodrick: I think you’ll be healthier if you eat any sort of fruits. Fruits are healthy.

 

Ginny: That’s right, but I am going to eat apples because I like apples.

 

Rodrick: If that’s what you want...

 

Asking Something.

 

Dean: If you were given one billion dollars, what would you buy?

 

Sam: I would probably buy an expensive car, a big house and an airplane. And if I had some money left I would buy a farm.

 

Dean: Wow, that’s great!

 

Sam: So, what would you do If you got that much money?

 

Dean: I think I would help out my family first and then the poor, and if I still had some money left, I’d use it for myself.

 

Sam: Wow. I would never do what you would do, if I had so much money.

 

Dean: Well, money changes people. But before we buy something, we should always think: “what if I didn’t have this much money?”

 

Sam: So true!

 

If I Had Only … 

 

Cray: Hey Jane. What happened?

 

Jane: Nothing. I failed my Spanish test.

 

Cray: Really. Didn’t you study?

 

Jane: I did. But if only I had studied a little more and in advance, I would’ve passed.

 

Cray: It’s ok. It’s just one test, and if you study hard for the rest of the year, your Spanish will improve.

 

Jane: I really hope so because if I fail again, I won’t be able to get a scholarship to Spain.

 

Cray: Don’t worry. I’ll help you out with Spanish if you help me with my math. 

 


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