Welcome to twominenglish.com. Teaching you English through two-minute lessons.
In this lesson we will study the following phrasal verbs: call off, fill up, hang up and hold up.
Call off is a phrase that is often used when you want to cancel or postpone something.
Kate: Hey, Jack. What are you doing?
Jack: Nothing much. Just wrapping up some work and I’ll call the day off.
Kate: Oh. Good thing you’re not too busy. I thought about picking you up now.
Jack: But you asked me to call off our movie plans as you had a meeting.
Kate: I had a meeting but the client called it off so I can make it to the movies now.
Jack: Excellent news. Give 20 minutes and I’ll be downstairs.
Fill up is commonly used to express that something is completely filled to its capacity.
Pauline: John, why don’t you take another shopping cart?
John: I don’t think so. We don’t need another one unless you’re planning to fill this one up.
Pauline: I’m actually planning to fill it up with dry goods. I want another one for vegetables and fruits.
John: That makes sense. I’ll be right back with two other carts.
Pauline: One more is enough, John.
John: No, it’s not. I just remembered the boys are coming over tonight. I’ll fill one up with beer and snacks.
Hang up is a phrase used to put something on a hook or receiver.
Kate: I called Sam but he hung up on me. He didn't even listen to what I had to say. Why would he hang up like that?
Paul: Did you people have a fight?
Kate: Not exactly. Just a small argument.
Paul: Maybe he just couldn’t talk and that’s why he hung up.
Kate: I hate guys who hang up without saying anything first.
Hold up is a phrase which can be used to express obstruction or the delay of something.
Paul: Jack, where are you? I had to reschedule the meeting because of you.
Jack: I’m sorry, Paul. I got hold up in traffic. It’ll take some time.
Paul: That’s great! Can you please just let me know next time? That way I won't have to hold up our plans because of you.
Jack: I’m awfully sorry. I thought I would make it.