She Has or She Have – Which is Correct?

Marcus Froland

Subject-verb agreement plays a crucial role in English grammar, especially when it comes to third person singular subjects. As you tackle your everyday writing tasks, you must pay close attention to using the correct verb form. In this article, we explore the distinction between “she has” and “she have” and uncover the fundamental rules to follow for proper verb usage.

Understanding the Basics: “Has” vs. “Have”

To fully grasp the distinction between “has” and “have,” it’s crucial to dive into the foundations of English verb conjugation and appreciate the importance of grammar basics in everyday language use. In this section, we’ll explore the definitions of “has” and “have,” their roles in the present tense, and the significance of subject-verb agreement in maintaining proper English grammar.

Defining “Has” and “Have” in American English Grammar

Both “has” and “have” are present tense conjugations of the verb “to have.” They typically denote 1) possession, 2) experience, or 3) completion of an action. The critical difference between “has” and “have” lies in the subject with which they are used. “Has” exclusively aligns with third person singular subjects like “he,” “she,” and “it.” In contrast, “have” is employed with first and second person singular subjects (“I” and “you”) as well as all plural subjects (“we,” “they”).

The Role of Subject-Verb Agreement

Subject-verb agreement is a fundamental grammar rule dictating that a verb must agree with its subject in terms of number, i.e., singular or plural forms. In the context of “has” and “have,” this agreement entails that “has” must always accompany third person singular subjects, while “have” is paired with all other subjects.

Errors in subject-verb agreement can lead to confusion and ultimately incorrect verb usage. To avoid such mistakes, it’s essential to be aware of the connections between subjects and their corresponding verb forms. For instance, “has” also matches with singular nouns (like “dog,” “computer,” or “city”) and specific singular pronouns like “nobody,” “someone,” and “everybody.”

Remember: “Has” is for third person singular subjects, while “have” suits all other subjects.

  1. “He has a cat.”
  2. “She has traveled to Spain.”
  3. “I have a new job.”
  4. “We have finished our work.”

By understanding and applying these basic grammar rules, you will be well-equipped to use “has” and “have” correctly in everyday communication, avoiding misunderstandings and enhancing the clarity of your message.

The Third Person Singular Conundrum

One of the most frequent sources of confusion in English grammar is the use of third person singular subjects. For these subjects, “has” is the appropriate choice, while “have” would be a grammatical error. The distinction relies on recognizing the subject’s number, whether it is singular or plural, to ensure the correct verb form is applied.

To make it simple, whenever “he,” “she,” or “it” is used as the subject of a sentence, “has” should follow. Here are some examples to help clarify the usage:

  • She has a new job.
  • It has rained the entire day.
  • He has three cats.

Proper usage of “has” is not limited to pronouns. This rule extends to singular nouns and certain singular indefinite pronouns such as “nobody,” “someone,” and “everybody.” For instance:

  1. The book has an interesting plot.
  2. Somebody has left their umbrella.
  3. Everybody has a unique story to share.

However, sometimes it can be tricky to determine if the subject is singular or plural. For example, when dealing with collective nouns, such as “team” or “family,” it is essential to consider whether the subject is being treated as a single entity or as individual members. In American English, collective nouns are generally treated as singular:

The team has a great spirit.
The family has arrived at the reunion.

Understanding the subject’s number and ensuring proper verb agreement is crucial to effective communication and avoiding grammar mistakes. When in doubt, remember that “has” is the correct form to use with third person singular subjects, while “have” serves other subjects.

When to Use “Has” in a Sentence

Understanding when to use “has” in a sentence revolves around identifying third person singular subjects and utilizing appropriate verb conjugation. In this section, we will explore examples and situations where “has” should be employed, including expressions and idiomatic phrases.

Exploring Examples with Third Person Pronouns

For sentences using third person singular pronouns like “he,” “she,” or “it,” “has” must be employed. These examples show how “has” is used to convey possession or experience:

  • She has red hair.
  • It has many special features.
  • He has traveled the world.

These sentences illustrate proper verb conjugation according to the subject’s number, in agreement with third person singular pronouns.

Expressions and Idioms Incorporating “Has”

When it comes to idiomatic expressions and phrases, “has” often asserts ownership or the completion of an action. Some common expressions and idiomatic phrases using “has” include:

  1. She has a point.
  2. He has got to be kidding.
  3. The time has come.

In these phrases, “has” signifies the subject’s relationship with an experience, possession, or action, reinforcing proper grammar usage in the English language.

Common Usage of “Have” Across Subjects

When it comes to using “have” in English grammar, there are numerous subjects one can apply to this verb. As opposed to third person singular subjects, “have” is used with various others including “I,” “we,” “you,” and “they.” This verb is often applied in a wide range of contexts, spanning from descriptions of possession to expressions of experience.

To better understand the proper utilization of “have” in sentences, let’s take a closer look at some examples:

  1. “I have seen that movie before.”
  2. “You have a lovely smile.”
  3. “We have been to New York.”
  4. “They have two cars.”

As seen in these instances, the verb “have” emphasizes ownership, possession, or experience across numerous subjects that are not third person singular. The versatility of this verb allows for an extensive range of applications, unlike its counterpart, “has,” which is specifically used for third person singular subjects.

“Have” is utilized across subjects that are not third person singular, including “I,” “we,” “you,” and “they.” It appears in various contexts, from stating ownership (“They have horses”) to describing experiences (“I have seen that movie”).

In order to maintain proper verb agreement in your writing, it is essential to familiarize yourself with the different usages of “have” and “has” in English grammar. By understanding their distinct applications across subjects and contexts, you can ensure that your language consistently aligns with the rules of subject-verb agreement, making your writing clear and concise.

Situations Calling for “Has” or “Have”

Choosing between “has” and “have” can sometimes be challenging, especially when it comes to collective nouns, team names, and proper nouns. In this section, we will explore various cases where you might need to use “has” or “have” and provide tips for making the correct choice.

Considering Collective Nouns and Teams

Collective nouns refer to groups or entities, such as “family,” “team,” or “company.” The choice between “has” and “have” depends on whether the group is regarded as a single unit or as individual members.

Example 1: The team has won the championship. (viewed as a unit)
Example 2: The team have given their best efforts. (members acting individually)

To ensure the correct verb choice, check whether the collective noun is treated as a single entity or individual components. If it functions as a unit, use “has”; otherwise, use “have.”

Addressing Names and Proper Nouns

When a name or proper noun appears in a sentence, it often takes the role of a third person singular subject, necessitating the use of “has.” This aligns with the rule that names and singular nouns are subject to the same verb usage as “he,” “she,” or “it.”

Example: Peter has a dog.

However, the verb choice can change for company or team names. Again, it depends on whether the group is treated as a single entity or as individual members:

  • The New England Patriots has a great quarterback. (incorrect)
  • The New England Patriots have a great quarterback. (correct, treating the team as a collection of players)

Always consider the context and the intended meaning when choosing between “has” and “have” for proper nouns.

Subject Verb Choice Example
Collective Noun (as a single unit) Has The team has won the championship.
Collective Noun (as individuals) Have The team have given their best efforts.
Proper Noun (singular, non-collective) Has Peter has a dog.
Team Name Depends on context The New England Patriots have a great quarterback.

The choice between “has” and “have” depends on the subject and context of a sentence. Paying close attention to the structure and meaning of the sentence will facilitate the right decision. Keep practicing and remember these guidelines when dealing with collective nouns, teams, and proper nouns.

Navigating Through Perfect Tenses with “Has” and “Have”

Perfect tenses are an important aspect of English grammar, allowing you to convey actions or experiences that occurred in the past, are ongoing, or have been completed. The concepts of has and have play a crucial role in forming these tenses. Both are auxiliary verbs that, when paired with past participle verbs, indicate the complexities of time and completion in your sentences.

When constructing perfect tenses sentences, always remember to use “has” with third person singular subjects, while “have” pairs with all other subjects. Let’s explore a few examples:

She has visited Paris.
We have thought about this.
David has worked in several marketing firms.
They have already seen this show.

In these examples, the auxiliary verbs “has” and “have” help create perfect tense sentences that convey a sense of completion or progression of certain actions or experiences.

To better understand how “has” and “have” are applied in perfect tenses, you can examine them in their three primary forms: present, past, and future.

  1. Present Perfect: Indicates an action or experience that started in the past and continues up to the present moment.

    John has played tennis for ten years.
    They have traveled to several countries.

  2. Past Perfect: Expresses an action or experience completed before another event in the past.

    Mary had already eaten when her friend arrived.
    The boys had finished their homework before television time.

  3. Future Perfect: Describes an action or experience that will be completed by a specific point in the future.

    By next year, Sarah will have graduated from college.
    They will have moved to their new house by June.

Mastering the usage of “has” and “have” in perfect tenses can make your communication more dynamic, allowing you to discuss past, present, and future events with greater clarity. Regular practice, grammar exercises, and conversations can all serve as invaluable tools to hone your skills in forming perfect tense sentences.

“She Should Have” vs. “She Should Has”: Modal Verbs and Exceptions

When it comes to using modal verbs in English, there are certain grammatical exceptions and modal verb rules that come into play. In this section, we will explore how modal verbs may affect the usage of “has” and “have” in a sentence.

Understanding Modal Verbs in English

Modal verbs are special auxiliary verbs in English that help convey various expressions such as abilities, necessities, obligations, permissions, or possibilities. Some common modal verbs include “should,” “must,” “could,” and “would.” It’s essential to know that the regular subject-verb agreement rules change when using modal verbs.

When a modal verb is present in a sentence, “have” is always used, regardless of the subject. For example, “she should have” would be the correct phrasing, while “she should has” would be incorrect.

“He must have been very tired.”

In the above example, “must” is the modal verb, and “have” is the correct auxiliary verb used, even though “he” is a third person singular subject.

Now, let’s examine how modal verbs interact with some other subjects:

  • I should have
  • You should have
  • She should have
  • He should have
  • It should have
  • We should have
  • They should have

As you can see, the form “have” is consistently used after the modal verb “should” with all subjects listed above.

Keep in mind that when using modal verbs in English, the “have” form takes precedence over “has,” even when dealing with third person singular subjects. Adhering to these modal verb rules allows you to navigate English grammar with confidence and precision.

Getting It Right Every Time: Tips and Tricks

Mastering the use of “has” and “have” in English grammar can significantly improve your communication skills and help you avoid common mistakes. Here are some helpful tips and resources to boost your confidence in using these verb forms correctly.

Firstly, practice makes perfect. Engage in regular exercises and real-life conversations that involve changing pronouns and sentence structures. This will increase your familiarity with subject-verb agreement and help solidify your understanding of when to use each form. Incorporate English language learning strategies such as quizzes, flashcards, and language apps to reinforce these concepts.

Additionally, consider seeking feedback from native speakers or joining English language forums and study groups. Discussing grammar tips and common challenges with others can offer valuable insights and encourage continuous improvement. Remember, overcoming any hurdles in grammar is possible with dedication and consistent practice!