If you’re learning English and find yourself wondering about the difference between “started to work” and “started working”, you’ve come to the right place. In this beginner’s guide, we’ll explore the grammatical differences between these two phrases and help you get a better grasp of English tenses. This article is tailored to help learners like you understand when to use each phrase correctly in sentences, and we’ll explore how the context influences their usage. With your newfound understanding of “started to work” and “started working”, you’ll be well on your way to mastering English tenses explained for beginners.
Understanding the Basics: Simple Past vs. Past Continuous Tense
When we talk about simple past tense and past continuous tense, it is important to remember that these tenses serve distinct purposes in English grammar. The simple past tense is used for actions that started and finished at a specific time in the past, while the past continuous tense describes actions that were ongoing in the past. To better understand the differences and learn how to use them correctly, let’s delve into the fundamentals of these essential tenses.
Simple Past Tense: An action completed at a definite time in the past.
Past Continuous Tense: An ongoing action in the past.
Simple Past Tense: This tense is used to express actions completed in the past. It is formed by adding -ed to the base form of regular verbs (e.g., worked, played) or by using the irregular past tense form of irregular verbs (e.g., began, wrote). The simple past tense answers the question: What happened?.
Past Continuous Tense: This tense is employed to describe ongoing actions or situations in the past. It is formed by using the past tense of ‘to be’ (was/were) followed by the present participle (-ing form) of the main verb (e.g., was working, were playing). The past continuous tense answers the question: What was happening?
Understanding the differences between these two tenses will help you use them correctly in various situations. When choosing between simple past tense and past continuous tense, the context of the sentence plays a crucial role, particularly when indicating a past action that gets interrupted or a habitual past action. Here’s a comparison of the two tenses:
|Simple Past Tense
|Past Continuous Tense
|Used for actions completed at a definite time in the past
|Used for ongoing past actions
|Answers “What happened?”
|Answers “What was happening?”
|Regular verbs: verb + -ed (worked, played)
Irregular verbs: past tense form (began, wrote)
|Past tense of ‘to be’ (was/were) + present participle (-ing form) of the verb (was working, were playing)
|Example: She worked at the store yesterday.
|Example: She was working at the store when it started to rain.
To master past tense usage and accurately convey ongoing past actions, it is essential to practice using simple past tense and past continuous tense in a variety of contexts. In the following sections, we will further explore the grammatical nuances between “started to work” and “started working” and how to choose the appropriate tense based on context.
Distinguishing ‘Started To Work’ from ‘Started Working’
Both ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’ phrases are used to describe past actions, but their meanings and grammatical structures are different. To understand when to use each phrase, we must first delve into the simple past tense and past continuous tense applications and pay attention to the English grammar rules that determine their appropriate usage.
Breaking Down ‘Started To Work’: The Simple Past Tense
The phrase ‘started to work’ generally falls into the category of the simple past tense, which denotes actions that began and ended at a specific point in the past. The primary focus of this tense lies in the initiation of the action, often without emphasizing its duration. For instance:
Yesterday, I started to work on the presentation at 10 AM.
In this example, we can see that the action began at a specific time (10 AM) and is described using the simple past tense (‘started to work’).
Exploring ‘Started Working’: The Past Continuous Tense
‘Started working,’ on the other hand, is commonly used in the past continuous tense context, which highlights the ongoing nature of an action in the past. This tense requires the past tense form of ‘to be’ (was/were) coupled with the present participle of the verb (-ing form). Therefore, you would often find this phrase in situations where the action was in progress at a certain time in the past or serves as a backdrop in storytelling. For example:
At 3 PM, I was still started working on the project.
This sentence demonstrates an action being in progress (working on the project) at a specified time in the past (3 PM), and it employs the past continuous tense form (‘was started working’).
Deciding Which Phrase To Use And When
Choosing between ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’ largely depends on the intended message and context. The following table summarily presents the differences between the two phrases and their respective applications:
|Started to work
|An action that began and ended at a clear point in the past.
|She started to work on the assignment in the morning.
|An ongoing action that took place in the past, usually interrupted, or as part of setting a background.
|He was started working on the presentation when the phone rang.
When the focus is on describing the initiation of a single, completed action, ‘started to work’ (simple past tense) is the more fitting choice. For conveying an ongoing action in the past, especially if it is subsequently interrupted or comes as part of creating a scene, ‘started working’ (past continuous tense) proves to be more suitable.
The Role of Context in Choosing Between ‘Started To Work’ and ‘Started Working’
Understanding the grammatical context is essential when choosing between ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’. The English tenses required depend on whether the focus is on the initiation or the progress of an action. Let’s examine the crucial factors that can help you make the right choice.
- Time expressions: Certain adverbs and time expressions are commonly associated with specific tenses. For instance, phrases that indicate a definite point in the past usually partner with the simple past tense, while expressions denoting a period or time frame typically accompany the past continuous tense.
- Subordinating conjunctions: Conjunctions such as ‘when’, ‘while’, ‘as’, and ‘until’ can provide valuable context to signal the appropriate tense choice. They can indicate whether an action is ongoing, interconnected with another event, or takes place at a specific moment.
- Nature of the action: Consider whether the action is single, completed, and non-repeated, or ongoing, in progress, or interrupted by another event. The former leans toward the simple past tense, while the latter aligns with the past continuous tense.
Let’s evaluate these factors in practice using two contrasting examples:
Yesterday, I started to work at 8 am.
Yesterday, I started working at 8 am, when my colleague arrived.
The first example emphasizes the specific time when work commenced, making it a perfect candidate for the simple past tense. The second example indicates an ongoing action that started around 8 am and was possibly interrupted by a colleague’s arrival. In this case, the past continuous tense is the better fit.
To further illustrate how context impacts tense selection, explore the following table that contrasts the usage of ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’.
|‘Started To Work’
|Emphasis on initiation
|She started to work in the fashion industry five years ago.
|Ongoing or progressing action
|She started working in the fashion industry when she was just eighteen.
|The designer started working on her next collection, until the phone rang.
|She started working as an intern, and soon after, she became a full-time employee.
By carefully examining the context and considering factors such as time expressions, conjunctions, and the nature of the action, you can confidently choose the right tense and effectively communicate your intended message when using ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’.
Common Mistakes Beginners Make with Past Tenses
When learning English, it is common for beginners to make mistakes involving past tenses. These errors often stem from confusing the use of ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’ and misunderstanding the application of stative verbs.
Incorrect Use of ‘Started To Work’ and ‘Started Working’
One of the common past tense errors beginners make is mixing up ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’. This confusion typically arises due to the subtle differences in their usage. For instance, learners may use the continuous tense when referring to actions that took place at a specific time in the past. On the other hand, they might use the simple past tense to describe ongoing actions, leading to a lack of grammatical precision.
Navigating Through Stative Verbs and Past Tenses
Another frequent mistake involves the use of stative verbs in continuous tenses. Stative verbs represent states rather than actions, and therefore, they do not function well in continuous tenses. Understanding which verbs are stative and recognizing when to use them in the simple past instead of the past continuous tense is essential for mastering English grammar.
Stative verbs such as ‘know’, ‘hate’, ‘love’, and ‘believe’ generally don’t take the continuous form, as they express conditions or states, not actions.
While learning about past tenses, it’s crucial to pay attention to two aspects: the continuous tense rules and English verb classification. Several resources and educational materials can help you improve in these areas, reducing the chances of making common English mistakes.
|Using continuous tense with stative verbs
|Learners may incorrectly use continuous tense forms with stative verbs.
|Incorrect: She was loving the new movie. Correct: She loved the new movie.
|Confusing ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’
|Learners may use these phrases interchangeably, ignoring their different grammatical contexts.
|Incorrect: She started working on the project at 9 AM. Correct: She started to work on the project at 9 AM.
Overcoming these mistakes requires practice and a deeper understanding of the English language. Fortunately, with focused effort and the right resources, you can avoid these errors and use past tenses with confidence to communicate effectively.
Practical Examples and Exercises to Master the Usage
Practicing your English tense usage via targeted exercises and examples goes a long way in boosting your understanding of grammar rules like those related to ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’. The activities outlined below can help you find your footing while using these tense constructions.
- Exercise 1: Choose the correct tense based on the context
Below are sentences with gaps. Choose between ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’ based on the context of the sentence.
- He _____ on the project as soon as he reached the office.
- She _____ on her novel when her phone rang with an important call.
- They _____ together at the construction site last month.
- Exercise 2: Identify the errors
Find the errors in the following sentences and correct them:
- It started raining when they were walking to the store, so they started to took shelter under a tree.
- We were starting to do our homework when the power went out.
- Exercise 3: Rewrite sentences using an appropriate tense
Rewrite the sentences using ‘started working’, ‘started to work’ or another appropriate form:
- She started paint the house last weekend.
- They start work on their new assignment yesterday.
Remember that practice and diligence are instrumental in mastering the past tense. The more you engage in exercises like these, the more confident you will become in your language abilities.
To achieve a comprehensive understanding of past tense, check out resources like grammar books, English teaching websites, and YouTube tutorials. Make a habit of revisiting and practicing these exercises to refine your skills, and watch your English language abilities advance exponentially!
Additional Tips to Enhance Your English Language Skills
While getting a grip on the usage of ‘started to work’ and ‘started working’ is vital, there are some broader strategies that can help you improve your overall English language skills. The first key strategy is reading extensively. This will not only boost your vocabulary but also help you internalize grammar rules and familiarize yourself with proper sentence structures.
Next, immerse yourself in various forms of English media. Listening to podcasts, watching movies with subtitles, and following news channels can greatly aid you in getting acquainted with different accents and dialects, while also reinforcing the grammatical concepts you’ve learned. Engaging with pop culture content such as novels, TV shows, and movie dialogues not only expands your vocabulary but also gives you exposure to colloquial and regional language variations.
Lastly, practice writing and speaking English on a regular basis to refine and consolidate your skills. Sharing your thoughts and opinions in English on social media platforms, participating in group discussions, and narrating your life experiences to English-speaking peers would serve as a great way to practice. Remember that consistency is key when it comes to enhancing your English language abilities, so keep practicing and utilizing these grammar tips to reach your linguistic goals.